HAJJ & its Method

For Urdu Language readers there is a link at the bottom where they can click and get a booklet of hajj in Urdu

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam, it is obligatory and must be carried out by every adult Muslim who can afford to do so, at least once in their lifetime. The Hajj occurs from the 8th to the 12th day of Zul Hajj, in the 12th month of the Hijri calendar. It is a belief of all the Muslims that the pilgrimage is associated with Prophet Ibrahim (AHS) in 2000 BC.


Surah No.3 , Al Imran , Ayat No. 96 & 97

o إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

 فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّـنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا وَلِلّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ

    حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ الله غَنِيٌّ

                                               o عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ


Translation :

The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka (Mecca), full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings: In it there are manifest signs ; (for example), the Station of Ibrahim (Abraham); whoever enters it attains security; The duty of People to Allah is to perform Hajj, but for those who can afford the journey; if any deny, Allah is not in need of any of His creatures.

Translation in Urdu :

Pahla ghar jo Insaano ke liye bana diya gaya hai woh beech Bacca (Mecca) mein hai Barkat wala aur sare jahan ke logo ko ek markazi raah per lane kaa zariya. Is mein zaahir nishaniya hain Yahan Ibrahim ke khade hone ki jagah bhi hai aur Logo par Allah ka haq hai ! Allah ke ghar kaa Hajj karna ! Jo is ke ghar tak aane ki qudrat rakhta ho ! Phir jo inkaar kare, to Allah ko apni kisi makhlooq ki zarurat nahi hai !

 Hadis : Volume 2, Book 26, Number 596: Sahih Bukhari

Narrated Abu Huraira (ra):

The Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever performs Hajj for Allah's pleasure and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as if he were born a new."


Before proceeding to perform the Hajj, it is important that one should gain knowledge of various aspects and requirements .


What are Farz, Wajib and Sunnah in Hajj


Types of Hajj


There are three types of Hajj :


1. IFRAD  HAJJ (Isolated Hajj) 


The pilgrim is required to enter in the state of Ehraam with an intention to perform Hajj only then it is called as Ifrad Hajj and the pilgrim is known as Mufrid.


  • There is no obligation on Mufrid to offer sacrifice of an animal.
  •  On his arrival in Mecca he is required to make tawaaf.
  •  This is the type of Hajj allowed for those who are living within the boundaries of Meeqaat from  which Ehraam is put on .


The Ehraam is finished only after the Hajj is performed.




If the intention is made for Ehraam for Umrah and Hajj then it is known as Qiraan Hajj.The pilgrim performing this type of Hajj is known as Qaarin.


  •  The Umrah has to be done in the months of Shawwaal, Zi Qa'ad and in Zil Hajj before performing Hajj.
  •  After Umrah the Qaarin must continue to remain in Ehraam.
  • The sacrifice of an animal is a must for Qaarin.
  • This Hajj can only be performed by those who are living outside the Meeqaat.  


 Ehraam's restrictions are finished only after performing Umrah and Hajj.



The intention is made for Ehraam for Umrah only . It is again required to be made for Ehraam for Hajj.  Most of the pilgrims perform Tamatto Hajj only.The pilgrim who is performing this type of Hajj is known as Mutamatti.


  • The Umrah must be done within the months of Shawwaal, Zi Qa'ad and in Zil Hajj, before performing the Hajj.
  • The restrictions in Ehraam ends after performing Umrah.
  • The sacrifice of an animal is obligatory on Mutamatti. 
  • This Hajj can only be performed by those who are living outside the Meeqaat

knowledge of various aspects and requirements .

Three Mandatory Parts ( Three Farz in Hajj )


  1. To be in Ehraam 

One should physically prepare himself or herself for Ehraam. Like, do the haircut, take bath (Gusl), do nail cutting , and remove under arm hair etc. The men should carry two sets of sheets of white cloth to be clad in one dress, one piece around the lower half of the body and another over the shoulder .


  1. Staying in Arafat on 9th of Zil Hajj (During day till sunset)


  1. Tawaf (encompass) of Ka`aba (Tawaafe Ziarat)


Seven Essential Parts (Wajib of Hajj)


  1. To perform Sa'i 
  1. Stay in the night at Muzdalfa in the night of 10th of Zil Hajj 

3. To perform Rami of Jamra Aqba on 10th of Zil Hajj 

4. To perform sacrifice (Qurbani of an Animal) on 10th of Zil Hajj only 

5. Removal of hair from head (for men only) after the Sacrifice 

6. To perform Rami of all the three Jamraat on 11th and 12th 0f Zil Hajj 

7. Final Tawaaf of Ka`aba   (tawaf e Wida) 


Four Sunnah of Hajj


  1. First Tawaaf 
  1. Izteba (While doing tawaaf, insert one end of the piece of cloth of Ehraam below right arm and the other end over the left shoulder. For men only) 
  1. Ramal  (In first three circuits of Tawaf walk hurriedly with forceful and narrow paces while shaking the shoulders like a brave soldier going to battlefield. This is for men only) 
  1. Stay at Mina on 8th and till some time in the morning of 9th


For taking full advantage of blessings of Hajj, the pilgrims must try to take care of each and every ritual in Hajj.

What are the important steps to be taken before departure


I . Before departure for Hajj Pilgrimage the pilgrim must take following steps.


  1. Intention (Niyyat) for performing Hajj will be only for Allah
  2. Repent (Taubah) for small and big sins and make intention not to repeat the same in future.
  3. Apologise for doing anything wrong to the others.
  4. Return all the belongings of others which are in your possession.
  5. The Money used for hajj should be from hard earned income.
  6. Write a will for your properties


II . Departure from the Residence :


  1. Recite two rakats of Nafil

     2.   Recite 

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِِ



Translation :


In the name of Allah the most beneficent and merciful


Then start for the journey .


3.   Say Dua after boarding any transport.


سُبْحانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ

            o وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ


Translation :


Glorified be He, Who has subdued these to us, and we were not capable (of subduing them); And ! to our Lord we are returning.


III . In Air Journey if the flights are delayed, instead of showing discomfort,  try to spend time in reciting salats, reciting Quran or remembrance of Allah.



IV. Minor Pilgrimage ( Umrah )


·        Preparation for Ehraam :


For Men.


Before making intention for Ehraam take two white cloth sheets, one sheet around the lower half of the body and another over the shoulder. Must wear this at Jeddah.


For Women.


  1. They can wear stitched clothes
  2. They have to hide their hairs
  3. They should keep their faces exposed
  4. Should not share bed with husband

After this step :


  • Recite two Rakats of Nafil Salat 
  • During reciting salat men should cover head with the sheet 
  • No sooner you finish salat by saying salam ,men must remove the sheet over the head and then Everyone MAKE INTENTION ( Niyyat ) for Umrah. Now a person is in Ehraam.




 `O` Allah, I make intention for Ehraam to perform Umrah to please You. Please make the things easy for me and guide me to perform Umrah in the most right manner “


Translation in Urdu :

Ya Allah ! Main sirf teri raza ke liye Umre ka Ehraam bandhta hoon , tu is ko mere liye asaan farma ! Aur sahi tariqe par adaa karne ki taufeeq de. 


Then recite Talbiyah loudly for three times : 

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، انَّالْحَمْدَ، وَالنِّعْمَةَ، لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ، لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ

Transliteration :

Labbaik Allah humma Labbaik ! Labbaik Laa sharika laka Labbaik ! Innal Hamda Wan Nemata Laka wal Mulk ! Laa Sharika Laka !

Translation :

I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call, and I am obedient to Your orders, You have no partner, I respond to Your call All the praises and blessings are for You, All the sovereignty is for You, And You have no partners with you.

Translation in Urdu :

Main hazir hoon, Allah tere huzoor mein, Main hazir hoon , Main hazir hoon ! Tera koi shareek nahi,Main hazir hoon, Saari ta`reefe aur sab nematen teri hi hai! Aur Mulk aur Badshahat teri hi hai , Tera koi shareek nahi !

Immediately after this Talbiyah the person is in Ehraam . As a matter of fact this Talbiyah is a reply to the call of Prophet Ibrahim as he called the people by the decree of Allah to perform Hajj.


The following things are restricted after the person is in Ehraam.  

1.     Stitched clothes (for men only )

2.     Covering head or face with a cloth (for men Only)

3.     Wearing a shoe which hides the back of foot's bone

4.     Going for haircut or plucking any hair of body

5.     Nail cutting

6.     Applying scent

7.     Doing the things which enhances your hormonic activity which leads to     some sort of sexual satisfaction

8.     Hunting the animals or killing of head louse

9.     Sharing bed with the wife

10.  Quarrel with other people

If you arrive at Jeddah then take care of your luggage and after doing formalities of immigration etc. spent your time in reciting salat or zikr till you are allowed to board the bus. This bus will take you to Mecca.

After arriving at Mecca, perform Umrah and give due importance to your stay,utilize your time to spend in Haram shareef , try to perform many tawaaf ,recite maximum number of Nafil salats, Read Quran ,apart from this if you sit infront of Ka`aba and view it with love and affection it will also be a kind of worship.

In case you arrive at Medina, the steps to be taken at Medina are mentioned at the end of this document.

Border of Haram :

20 KM ahead of Mecca there is a big arched gate, on the top you will find one huge structure resembling a stand (Rahel) of Quran. From here the border of Haram Sharif starts and very near to it there is a place where the Mushrekeen of Mecca had stopped the Prophet (saws) to proceed to Mecca for Umrah in 6 AH . This is a place where the agreement of Hudaibiyah was signed.

As soon as you reach here,  recite a dua :


`O` Allah ! This Haram belongs to You and Your apostle. I Pray that the blazing fire to be forbidden on me.“


Translation in Urdu :


Ya Allah ! Yeh tera aur tere Rasool (saws) kaa Haram hai – Tuu mujh per aag ko haraam kar de !


When you enter Mecca bring inert feeling of love and respect for this sacred city and recite a dua :


`O Allah ! I am your slave and came here to perform and seek your kindness and blessings. Please open all the doors of blessings and forgive me and help me to complete my Umrah in a perfect way.


Translation in Urdu :


Ya Allah ! Main tera banda hoon, teri Raza aur Rahmat ki khatir aaya hoon. Tu mere liye apni Rahmat ke darwaze khol de aur mera Umrah sahi tareeqe par adaa karaa de !


. Attendance in Masjid e Haraam and Tawaaf :


  • Enter the Masjid with your right leg first .
  • When you see the K`abatullah for the first time ,recite the following : 

          اللّهُ اَكْبَرُلآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ

Translation :


Allah is the Greatest ,There is no God except Allah ,Allah is the Greatest .”


Translation in Urdu :


"Allah sab se bada hai aur Allah ke siwa koi ma`bood nahi ,Allah sab se bada hai "


  • Make another dua :


Translation :


O `Allah you are the peace and the peace is from you only. O` Lord Keep us alive peacefully and O Allah enlighten the respect, honour and the dignity of this house of yours and give reward to those who are paying respect to this house. I seek refuge of the owner of this house from any borrowings , poverty and from punishment in the graves.


Translation in Urdu :


Ya Allah ! Aap hi Salam Hain aur Aap hi ki taraf se salamati hai. Yaa Parwardigaar hame salamati ke saat zinda rakh aur yaa Allah apne is ghar ki taazeem ,takreem , sharafat aur haibat mein taraqqi farmaa, aur Hajj aur Umra karne walo mein jo is ki tazeem karen un ko bhi azmat aur neki ata kar.Main is muqaddas ghar ke rab ki panah leta hoon karze se ,mohtaji se aur seene ki tangi se aur qabar ke azaab se !


TAWAAF : (Encompass)


  • TAWAAF : Tawaaf means taking a round of any fixed object. Completing seven anti clockwise rounds makes one tawaaf of Ka`aba .


Method of doing Tawaaf


  • Before tawaaf you must make intention (Niyyat) as under :


O` Allah I am doing this tawaaf to please you and seek your help to make this tawaaf easy for me. “


After making intention, one has to do Izteba. If possible, go straight to Hajre Aswad (Black stone) which is embedded in one the corner of the holy Ka`aba, then kiss it (This action is known as ISTELAAM ). If you are not able to reach Hajre Aswad then on the opposite side of Hajre Aswad there is a green light, you be in the line of that light, face your both palms towards Hajre Aswad and do Istelaam and make this dua :


Bismillahe Allaho Akbar ! Laa ilaha illallaho ! Wa lillahil Hamd.”


Then kiss your both hands and start the Tawaaf.


  • Care should be taken to avoid facing chest towards Ka`aba during tawaaf.
  • During first three rounds of tawaaf the men should do the Ramal. In rest of the four rounds there should be a normal walk.
  • Please bear in mind that no sooner you start the tawaaf reciting of talbiyah comes to an end.




It is better if you make dua at different spots and While making various dua you should use your own language so that you can understand them and can concentrate.




1. When you start encompassing (tawaaf) and reach in line with the door of Ka`aba , then recite :


O ` Allah ! Please save me from the punishment in the Hell with your mercy.”


Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Allah ; Tu apne karam se mujhe dozakh ke azaab se bacha de”


2. When you reach infront of Station of Ibrahim ( Muqaam e Ibrahim), then you make this dua :


O` Allah ! This is the place of your Ibrahim, Please restrict the fire to approach my body and my flesh.


Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Allah! Yeh tere Ibrahim kaa muqaam hai, tu apne karam se hamare gosht aur jism par aag ko haraam kar de”


3. By the time you finish the above dua, you reach the first corner of the Ka`aba which is known as “Rukne Iraqi “here you can make the following dua :


O` Allah, I seek your refuge from the doubts and from any association with you of any partner. Also make dua for your family members.


Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Allah ! Main shak aur shirk se teri panah chahata hoon.”


4. In the meantime you will reach infront of “ Meezabe Rahmat “ this is a place where water from the roof of Ka`aba falls in Hateem through a pipe. You make a dua here :


O`Allah ! I seek nearness to your apostle in his Paradise ( Jannatul Khuld). O` Allah ,I also seek your shadow in the day of judgement. That day ,none will be there except You . Please offer me drink from kausar so thereafter I will not feel thirst.


Transaltion in Urdu :


'' Yaa Allah ! Main Jannatul Khuld me tere Nabi Mohammad (saws) kaa saath Maangta hoon aur Yaa Allah Hashr ke maidan mein tera saaya maangta hoon, us din teri zaat ke siwa koi na hoga us din tera saaya naseeb farmaa.Aur us din apne nabi Mohammad (saws) ke houze kausar se aisa pani pila keh us ke baad pyaas na lage.”


5. When you reach the next corner of the Ka`aba which is known as “Rukne Shaami “

then make the following dua “


O ` Allah ! My Umrah should be great, please accept my labour, forgive my sins. Yaa` Aziz, Yaa` Ghafoor “


Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Allah Mera Hajj Ooncha ho ,Meri Mehnat qubool ho ,mere gunah Maaf ho. "Yaa Aziz , Yaa Ghafoor "


6 . You will be reaching at the third corner Which is known as “ Rukne Yamani ” here you can make the following dua “


O ` Allah Please forgive me and also relax me, in this world and also in the life Hereafter


Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Allah ! Main Duniya aur akherat mein tujh se Ma`afi aur sukoon maangta hoon


7 . From here you move towards hajre Aswad and while walking you recite


o رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ



Transliteration :


Rabbana Aatena fid duniya hasanatau wa fil aakharate hasanatau wa qena azaaban naar “


Translation :

"Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!"

Translation in Urdu :


Yaa Parwardigaar, hum ko duniya mein bhi bhalai de aur Aakherat mein bhi bhalai ata farma aur hum ko dozakh ke azaab se bacha.


8.. You will reach back at Hajre Aswad means one round is completed . This is known as “ Shooth ” When you complete seven shooths then one tawaaf is finished.


9 . Please remember that Taawaf can be performed without reciting anything or without making any dua.

VIII.  Reciting two rakats of Wajib salat :

1. After completion of the tawaaf you recite two rakats of wajib salat possibly at the place of Ibrahim otherwise recite it wherever you get place in Mataaf (Space around Ka`aba). After reciting these two rakats you seek Allah's blessings, make dua for best reward in the life Hereafter, request Allah for forgiveness and for life long and real faith,and finally for welfare of your children and other relatives and friends.

IX. Zamzam Sharif

After Salat recite Bismillah then face ka`aba and drink zamzam in three instalments. Then make following dua :

Yaa Allah ! Help to increase my knowledge, give sustenance and give me relief from all diseases. “

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah ! Mere ilm mein nafa ata kar, aur khoob rizq ata kar aur har bimari se shifa de “

XI . Sa`i

Safa and Marwa are two hills near the Masjide Haram. The literal meaning of Sa'i is to run. To make seven rounds between Safa and Marwah, is called Sa'i. This action is observed as a memorial of Hazrat Hajra, the wife of Hazrat Ibrahim and mother of Hazrat Ismail. The Sa'i is 'Wajib' both in 'Hajj' and Umrah. You must keep in mind that one round is complete when you run from Safa to Marwa , and second round is finished when you run from Marwa to Safa.

How to Perform Sa`i

It is to be performed after Tawaaf ,if it is performed before Tawaaf it will not be valid. It is not necessary to perform a Sa'i immediately after Tawaaf, though it is a Sunnat to do so, but there is no harm if there is a pause in between on account of any human necessity. Although Sa'i is 'Wajib' to be performed on foot but in case of some excuse the person is allowed on wheel chair. If someone performs Sa'i on a wheel chair without any valid reason, he will be liable to give Dum .i.e. offering a sacrifice.

1. After Tawaaf ,when you drink Zamzam Water you are ready to go for Sa'i. You have to go again to Hajr-e-Aswad ,if possible kiss it . In case it is not possible then face both your hands towards hajre Aswad ,kiss them and proclaim.

Yaa Allah ! I am making this sai to please you, therefore You make this easy for me and approve my action.

2. Lift both your hands as you do in dua and recite :

لا الهَ اِلَّا اللّهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيْكَ لَهْ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْى وَ

يُمِيْتُ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلى كُلِّ شَئ ٍ قَدِيْرٌ

Transliteration :

La ilaha illal-laho wahdahu la šharika lahu lahul-mulko wa lahul-hamdo yohi wa yumito be yadehil-khayr wa howa ala kulle šhayin qadeer. “



Translation :

There is no God but Allah. He is only One. He has no partners. For Him (is) the Kingdom. And for Him (is) the Praise. He gives life and acuses death. In His hand (is) the goodness. And He has power over everything..

Translation in Urdu :

Nahi hai koi Ma`bood siwae Allah ke Uska koi sharik nahi Usi ke liye mulk hai usi ke liye ta`reef hai aur wo har cheez par qaadir hai.

While doing sai, which ever dua you have in memory you can make and along with it remember Allah also. When you reach the green pillars, you start running and keep running upto the other green pillars. (for men only) Then again you have to walk with normal speed. When seven rounds are completed then to offer two Rak'ats of salat by the side of 'Mataaf' (where Tawaaf is performed in the Haram).

Now all the restrictions pertaining to Ehraam of Umrah have come to end .

After being free from Sa'i you may shave your head or at least have hair cut equal to a finger's joint (about an inch) in length. For women the hair cut is equal to one fold of hair over the finger. You have now completed Umrah therefore the Ehraam formality has ended.

In this way the Minor Pilgrimage ( Umrah ) Is performed

Note : During stay in Mecca if you want to perform another Umrah, you have to go to Masjid-e -Ayesha by a mini bus for making Intention for being in Ehraam. There you recite two rakats and make intention. This Masjid is about 5 Km from Mecca .

One Important thing to remember :


During this period you will notice that at the time of practically every salat, some funerals are kept for Salat-e-Janaza. Therefore after every Farz Salat the janaza salat is performed. The men and women observe this salat ,it is therefore important that every member should know the method of salat-e-Janaza. You can click here to know the method


XII . You will wear the Ehraam at Mecca only for performing Hajj.  III . Method of performing Hajj :

8th of Zil Hajj :

1.       You take a bath (Gusl) or if it is not possible then go for Ablution (wuzu) ,then wear your Ehraam ,cover your head with the sheet of Ehraam and recite two rakats Nafil in Masjide Haraam. After both the salams uncover your head,thereafter make intention ( Niyyat) as under :

2.       `O` Allah, I make intention to perform Hajj to please You. Please make this Hajj easy for me and approve it. “

Dua in Urdu :

Yaa Allah! Main aap ki raza ke liye Hajj karta ya karti hoon. Is Hajj ko mere liye Aasaan farmaa aur qubool farmaa- “

3. Then recite Talbiyah ,three times .

   لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، انَّالْحَمْدَ، وَالنِّعْمَةَ، لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ، لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، انَّالْحَمْدَ، وَالنِّعْمَةَ، لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ، لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ  

Transliteration :

Labbaik Allah humma Labbaik ! Labbaik Laa sharika laka Labbaik ! Innal Hamda Wan Nemata Laka wal Mulk ! Laa Sharika Laka !

Translation :

I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call, and I am obedient to Your orders, You have no partner, I respond to Your call, All the praises and blessings are for You, All the sovereignty is for You, And You have no partners with you.

Translation in Urdu :

Main hazir hoon, Allah tere huzoor me, Main hazir hoon , Main hazir hoon ! Tera koi shareek nahi,Main hazir hoon, Saari ta`reefe aur sab ne'maten teri hi hai! Aur Mulk aur Badshahat teri hi hai , Tera koi shareek nahi !]

4. Now consider yourselves in Ehraam and also keep reciting Talbiyah.

5. Today all the Pilgrims leave Mecca and proceed to Mina by BUS which is Five KM from Mecca. You will now be away for 4 to 5 days therefore take the articles of necessities along with you. Also carry some dry food articles which you may require in Arafat and Muzdalfa. In Mina you will be in a tent and getting food from the canteen. Bathroom, toilets and other facilities will be there near your tents.

6. In Mina you will be reciting Zohar, Asar, Maghrib, Isha on 8th of Zil Hajj and Fajr on 9th of Zil Hajj.During this period you do Tilawate Quran, Remembrance of Allah ( Zikr) and make dua.

9th Zil Hajj : Mina to Arafat

1.       This day there will be a departure from Mina to Arafat after Salate Fajr. Arafat is 8 KM from Mina therefore on way you continue reciting Talbiyah.

2.      If water is available then take a bath otherwise go for wuzu.

3.       Those pilgrims who are in Masjide Namera ,they will be reciting Zohar and Asar one after another behind the Imam.

4.       Those pilgrims who cannot reach Masjide Namera ,they have to recite both the salats seperately on their prescribed time in respective tents.

6.       In Arafat you will be spending few hours only but they are the most precious hours of your life. These hours are the biggest treasure of Hajj therefore you should not waste a single minute . Utilize your time in Tilawate Quran, Remembrance of Allah ( Zikre ilahi), Reciting Talbiyah in intervels, While making dua ,you be in the open sky in standing position. While making dua Praise Allah with tremendous faith, Request Allah to forgive all your sins, Extend promise to Allah that you will not repeat the same sins. Make dua for your parents, your children, brothers, sisters, relatives and friends.

7.       In addition you make dua for Rasool ullah for Allah's Rahmat.

8.       Please note that Staying in Arafat is a Rukn-e-Azam of Hajj

9.       If you get a chance you must climb the mountain of Rahamt (Jabale Rahmat) and here also you can make many dua. This is a mountain where the Prophet had delivered his last sermon. There is a remote possibility of reaching near Jabale Rahmat.

10.   Arafat to Muzdalfa :

 As soon as the sun sets in, you must move to Muzdalfa without offering Maghrib Salat and keep reciting Talbiyah.

Please remember that around 3 million pilgrims travel towards Muzdalfa just after sunset. You must therefore try to avail any kind of transport and reach Muzdalfa in minimum possible time. Care must be taken to travel in groups. Muzdalfa is about 9 KM from Arafat. Do not wait for the transport which is normally provided by the Muallim. In case if you get it immediately after sunset then avail it.

When you reach Muzdalfa which is an open ground, recite Maghrib Farz then Isha Farz then Maghrib Sunnat and then sunnah of Isha and Witr.

11. Night of Muzdalfa is very important .

After reciting Isha , for some time you remain busy in Zikr, make dua for forgiving of sins and then take some rest.

12. After taking rest , go for doing wuzu and then spend the whole night in worshipping, Zikr, and dua. At this place the Prophet had asked Allah for many facilities for the followers . Therefore you can also ask many things from the Almighty. For performing Rami, you need total 49 pebbles (small roundish stones) on safer side you have to collect about 60 pebbles in Muzdalfa only.

10th Zil Hajj :

1.       Recite Fajr in Muzdalfa and keep your self busy in Zikr and rememberence of Allah and then move towards Mina. Please remember to avail any kind of transport and try to reach Mina as fast as possible. Mina is about 4 KM from Muzdalfa. After reaching Mina, the very first thing to be done is to do Rami .

2.       There are three Jamrat :

·     Ist Jamrah is called as " Jamrah Oola "t Jamrah is called “Jamrah Oola” This is near the Masjide Khaif

·         2nd Jamrah is called as “ Jamrah Wusta “

·         3rd Jamrah which is the last one and is called as “ Jamrah Aqbah “


3.    RAMI :

You have to do Rami at 3rd Jamrah means Jamrah Aqbah.There will be unimaginable rush of people, but nothing to worry. The Govt. of Saudi Arabia has made elaborate arrangements and the area has become totally accident free. You can proceed towards jamrah fearlessly and when you reach there, say ; BISMILLAHE AALHO AKBAR and start throwing seven pebbles one by one towards the wall. It is not necessary that the pebble should hit the wall, but see that it should go within the boundary wall . The reciting of Talbiyah ends here.

4.       SACRIFICE :

It is better if you deposit the amount of sacrifice in a saudi Bank before 8th of Zil hajj or if someone is interested to make his own arrangement he will be free to do it. You fix the time of sacrifice on 10th Zil Hajj which should be between 1 to 2 PM , this will give you enough time to perform Rami as it has to be performed before the sacrifice.

5.       After the sacrifice, you have to shave your head and the women should cut their hair equal to one fold of hair over the finger.

6.       EHRAAM :

Now some of the restrictions pertaining to Ehraam of Hajj have come to an end . You can now take bath, wear your normal clothes and use scent (Itr). Other restrictions will come to end after TAWAAF- E- ZIARAT


Ahadis from Sahih Bukhari

Volume 1, Book 3, Number 83:

Narrated 'Abdullah bin Amr bin Al 'Aas:

Allah's Apostle stopped (for a while near the Jimar) at Mina during his last Hajj for the people and they were asking him questions. A man came and said, "I forgot and got my head shaved before slaughtering the Hadi (sacrificing animal)." The Prophet said, "There is no harm, go and do the slaughtering now." Then another person came and said, "I forgot and slaughtered (the camel) before Rami (throwing of the pebbles) at the Jamra." The Prophet said, "Do the Rami now and there is no harm."

The narrator added: So on that day, when the Prophet was asked about anything (as regards the ceremonies of Hajj) performed before or after its due time, his reply was: "Do it (now) and there is no harm."


Volume 1, Book 3, Number 84: Sahih Bukhari

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

Somebody said to the Prophet (during his last Hajj), "I did the slaughtering before doing the Rami.' The Prophet beckoned with his hand and said, "There is no harm in that." Then another person said. "I got my head shaved before offering the sacrifice." The Prophet beckoned with his hand saying, "There is no harm in that."



This Tawaaf can be done till the evening of 12th of Zil Hajj ,but it is much better to do it on 10th it self. This should be done in normal clothes. You have to go back to Mecca ,perform the Tawaaf and sai, which is exactly like you have done in Umrah. After performing tawaaf and sai you should go back to Mina in your camp.

8. RAMI ON 11th & 12th OF ZIL HAJJ

On both the days you have to perform Rami at all the three jamrats. This rami if it is done after decline of sun and before sunset is sunnah. You start from Jamrah Oola then Jamrah Wusta and finally of Jamrah Aqbah. The method of performing rami is same as done on 10th of Zil Hajj.


When you reach back Mecca you should be thankful to Allah that you have performed your Hajj . Please Pray to Allah that He should approve your Hajj.

Now whatever days you get in Mecca ,utilize them to do as many as nafil tawaafs, recite nafil salats in mataaf, try to recite salat in Hateem.


At the time of your final departure from Mecca, you have to do Tawaaf e wida.


·         Tawaaf e ziarat should be done after removing Ehraam's sheets.

·         Sai can be performed without wuzu also

·         Do not leave Arafat before sun set ,if you do it then you are liable to give Dum ( sacrifice of animal).

·         If he leaves Arafat before sunset and comes back then stay till sunset then Dum is not necessary.

·         It is mandatory to recite Salat e Maghrib and Isha at the time of Isha in Muzdalfa.

·         Staying in Muzdalfa is mandatory ( Called as Waqoof e Muzdalfa). Women, sick pilgrims or quite old people can skip Muzdalfa and can directly go to Mina from Arafat.

·         Wash the pebbles collected at Muzdalfa for doing rami.

·         Men and women must perform rami in person but if any one is sick and is not able to reach the Jamraat then any one can assist them.

·         Those who are assisting should throw his or her pebble first and then throw the other's pebble.

·         During menstruation, the women cannot do the Tawaaf. If menses starts on 10th of Zil Haj then she had to wait till she is able to take bath (Gusl). Thereafter she has to perform Tawaaf e Ziarat. Please remember she cannot go back to his destination without performing tawaf e ziarat, therefore Tawaaf e Ziarat is a must.

·         Any act, which is against the guidelines related to conditions in Ehraam, invites a punishment in the form of Dum. This should,either be done immediately or whenever he or she become capable of doing it.

·         If someone had performed tawaaf e ziarat without having ablution ( Wuzu) then he or she had to give a Dum. If the first tawaaf or Nafil tawaaf or tawaafe wida was performed without wuzu then for every round he or she had to give sadqa ( 1 kg 750 gms of Wheat ), But if the person perform wuzu and repeat the tawaafs then sadqa or Dum is not necessary.

·         If Tawaaf e Ziarat is performed during menses or undesirable condition of men then one has to sacrifce a Budna (one camel or one cow ). If first tawaaf or nafil tawaaf or tawaaf e wida is performed in the same condition then a sacrifice of a goat becomes obligatory. If you become free and after taking bath (Gusl) if you repeat the same tawaaf then there will be no need of any sacrifice.


When you travel to Medina keep reciting Darood. And when you enter the city make this dua :

O' Allah, you have shown me this day by your Grace, as I am entering the town of your Habib. Please shower on me all your blessings.

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah ! Tu ne apne karam se mujhe yeh din dikhaya keh main tere Habib ke shaher mein daakhil ho raha hoon. Yahan ki khaas barkate ata farmaa. “

Settle yourselves in your room and then enter Masjide Nabvi with Wuzu and Recite :


Then enter the Masjid with your right leg first. The men can go to the area of Masjid where the grave of Rasool ullah (saws) ( Raozae Mubarak) is there. You can move along with many pilgrims by the side of the Raoza and pay respect with salam and request Allah for His Rahmat and Barkat for Rasoolullah.While moving you can recite :

Assalamo alaika yaa Rasoolallah

Assalamo alaika yaa Habiballah

Assalamo alaika yaa ayyohan Nabiyyo

Wa Rahmatullahe wa Barakatohu

Riazul Jannah - It is the area of old mosque. This piece of land would be the part of jannat in the hereafter. mosque. 

It is covered with green carpet. It is occupied by large number of pilgrims and is very difficult to get a small room to enter on that carpet. However you have to keep waiting till you get a chance to enter. No sooner you occupy a place, avail this opportunity to recite two rakats of salat and make a dua. (For women the time is fixed to enter Riazul Jannah and they must find it during their stay in the Mosque). Here you can repent for your sins and request Allah to forgive all the sins. Request Allah to allow the recommendation of his Rasool for you on the day of Judgement. Similarly make a request to Allah that He may accept the recommendation of Rasoolullah for your beloved parents also.

You will be spending around 9 to 10 days in Medina, you must utilize every moment and spend maximum time in Masjide nabvi. You must keep in mind that this is a Masjid where Prophet Mohammad (saws) had recited many salats, gave sermons, sat in etekaf and made lot of dua for the followers. You can also recite Nafil salats, read Quran, recite many times darood and whenever get time visit Raoza-e- Mubarak to pay respect to the Prophet.


This Masjid had a special significance in Quran. Reciting two rakats in this Masjid is equal to one Umrah. You must therefore recite two rakats once or twice.


During your stay in Medina you have recited 40 salats in Masjide Nabvi now you are returning back to your own town. This is a sad moment as you are leaving the sacred city. If you get a chance recite two rakats of nafil salats, recite darood and depart.


If you have any feedback please revert to:  arifrk43@gmail.com

Urdu language booklet ? the link is below  

Arif Khan,
Aug 29, 2015, 11:24 AM