How to perform Umrah (Minor Pilgrimage)

Umrah  (Minor Pilgrimage)

·        Preparation for Ehraam :

 Before making intention for Ehraam take two white cloth sheets, one sheet around the lower half of the body and another over the shoulder. Must wear this before entering hadde Haram. Those who are traveling directly from their countries must wear this before boarding the flight. 

After wearing the clothes : 

  • Recite two Rakats of Nafil Salat
  • During reciting salat cover head with the cloth
  • No sooner you finish salat by saying salam ,remove the sheet over the head (for men only)and then MAKE INTENTION (Niyyat) for Umrah. Now a person is in Ehraam.

INTENTION  (Niyyat)

 `O` Allah, I make intention for Ehraam to perform Umrah to please You. Please make the things easy for me and guide me to perform Umrah in the most right manner. Please also accept it with all your kindness “

 Translation in Urdu :

Ya Allah ! Main sirf teri raza ke liye Umre ka Ehraam bandhta hoon , tu is ko mere liye asaan farma ! Aur sahi tariqe par adaa karne ki taufeeq de ,aur apne fazal se ise qubool farma

Then recite Talbiyah loudly for three times :

 لَبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، انَّالْحَمْدَ، وَالنِّعْمَةَ، لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ، لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ

Transliteration :

Labbaik Allah humma Labbaik ! Labbaik Laa sharika laka Labbaik ! Innal Hamda Wan Nemata Laka wal Mulk ! Laa Sharika Laka !

Translation :

I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call, and I am obedient to Your orders, You have no partner, I respond to Your call All the praises and blessings are for You, All the sovereignty is for You, And You have no partners with you.

Translation in Urdu :

Main hazir hoon, Allah tere huzoor mein, Main hazir hoon , Main hazir hoon ! Tera koi shareek nahi,Main hazir hoon, Saari ta`reefe aur sab nematen teri hi hai! Aur Mulk aur Badshahat teri hi hai , Tera koi shareek nahi !

Immediately after this Talbiyah the person is in Ehraam . As a matter of fact this Talbiyah is a reply to the call of Prophet Ibrahim as he called the people by the decree of Allah to perform Hajj.

The things restricted after the person is in Ehraam are as under :

  1. Stitched clothes (for men only )
  2. Covering head or face with a cloth (for men Only)
  3. Wearing a shoe which hides the back of foot's bone
  4. Going for haircut or plucking any hair of body
  5. Nail cutting
  6. Applying scent
  7. Doing the things which enhances your hormonic activity which leads to some sort of sexual satisfaction
  8. Hunting the animals or killing of head louse
  9. Sharing bed with the wife
  10. Quarrel with other people

For Women :

The Ehraam of women is like men only with only three exceptions .

  1. They can wear stitched clothes
  2. They have to hide their heads with scarves
  3. They should keep their faces exposed
  4. TheyShould not share bed with their husbands 

Border of Haram : 

20 KM ahead of Mecca there is a big arched gate, on the top you will find one huge structure resembling a stand (Rahel) of Quran. From here the border of Haram Sharif starts and very near to it there is a place where the Mushrekeen of Mecca had stopped the Prophet (saws) to proceed to Mecca for Umrah in 6 AH . This is a place where the agreement of Hudaibiyah was signed.

As soon as you reach here,  recite a dua :

`O` Allah ! This Haram belongs to You and Your apostle. I Pray that the blazing fire to be forbidden on my flesh ,on my blood ,on my skin and on my bones. “

Translation in Urdu :

Ya Allah ! Yeh tera aur tere Rasool (saws) kaa Haram hai – Tuu mere gosht ,mere khoon, meri Jild aur meri haddiyon par Aag ko haraam kar de !

 When you enter Mecca bring inert feeling of love and respect for this sacred city  and recite a dua :

`O Allah ! I am your slave and came here to perform and seek your kindness and blessings. Please open all the doors of blessings and forgive me and help me to complete my Umrah in a perfect way.

Translation in Urdu :

Ya Allah ! Main tera banda hoon, teri Raza aur Rahmat ki khatir aaya hoon. Tu mere liye apni Rahmat ke darwaze khol de, meri Bakhshish farmaa aur mera Umrah sahi tareeqe par adaa karaa de !

. Attendance in Masjid e Haraam and Tawaaf :

  • Enter the Masjid with your right leg first .
  • When you see the K`abatullah for the first time ,recite the following : 

          اللّهُ اَكْبَرُلآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ

Translation :

Allah is the Greatest ,There is no God except Allah ,Allah is the Greatest .”

Translation in Urdu :

"Allah sab se bada hai aur Allah ke siwa koi ma`bood nahi ,Allah sab se bada hai "

  • Make another dua :

Translation :

O `Allah you are the peace and the peace is from you only. O` Lord Keep us alive peacefully and O Allah enlighten the respect, honour and the dignity of this house of yours and give reward to those who are paying respect to this house. I seek refuge of the owner of this house from any borrowings , poverty and from punishment in the graves.

Translation in Urdu :

Ya Allah ! Aap hi Salam Hain aur Aap hi ki taraf se salamati hai. Yaa Parwardigaar hame salamati ke saat zinda rakh aur yaa Allah apne is ghar ki taazeem ,takreem , sharafat aur haibat mein taraqqi farmaa, aur Hajj aur Umra karne walo mein jo is ki tazeem karen un ko bhi azmat aur neki ata kar.Main is muqaddas ghar ke rab ki panah leta hoon karze se ,mohtaji se aur seene ki tangi se aur qabr ke azaab se !

TAWAAF :

  • TAWAAF : Now you are ready for doing tawaaf. Tawaaf means taking a round of any fixed object. Completing seven anti clockwise rounds makes one tawaaf of Ka`aba .

Method of doing Tawaaf

  • Before tawaaf you must make intention (Niyyat) as under :

O` Allah I am doing this tawaaf to please you and seek your help to make this tawaaf easy for me. “

 After making intention , one has to do Izteba (One end of the sheet of Ehraam should be under the right arm and another end should be put over the left shoulder ). If possible, go straight to Hajre Aswad (Black stone) which is embedded in one the corner of the holy Ka`aba, then kiss it (This action is known as ISTELAAM ). If you are not able to reach Hajre Aswad then on the opposite side of Hajre Aswad there is a green light, you be in the line of that light, face your both palms towards Hajre Aswad and do Istelaam and make this dua :

Bismillahe Allaho Akbar ! Laa ilaha illallaho ! Wa lillahil Hamd.”

Then kiss your both hands and start the Tawaaf.

  • Care should be taken to avoid facing chest towards Ka`aba during tawaaf.
  • During first three rounds of tawaaf the men should do the Ramal,which means make your body stiff and raise shoulder and walk quickly. In rest of the four rounds there should be a normal walk.
  • Please bear in mind that no sooner you start the tawaaf reciting of talbiyah comes to an end.

VII . ONE IMPORTANT THING

 There are no specific dua in tawaaf however, it is better if you make dua at different spots and While making various dua you should use your own language so that you can understand them and can concentrate.


  
DUA IN TAWAAF :

 1. When you start encompassing (tawaaf) and when you reach in line with the door of Ka`aba , then recite :

 O ` Allah ! The peace is only from you therefore please save me from the punishment in the Hell with your mercy.”

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah Tera hi diya hua aman hai Isliye tu apne karam se mujhe dozakh ke azaab se bacha de”

2. When you reach infront of Place of Ibrahim ( Muqaam e Ibrahim), then you make this dua :

O` Allah ! This is the place of your Ibrahim, Please restrict the fire to approach my body and my flesh.

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah! Yeh tere Ibrahim kaa muqaam hai, tu apne karam se hamare gosht aur jism par aag ko haraam kar de”

3. By the time you finish the above dua, you reach the first corner of the Ka`aba which is known as “Rukne Iraqi “here you can make the following dua :

O` Allah, I seek your refuge from the doubts and from any association with you of any partner.

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah ! Main shak aur shirk se teri panah chahata hoon.”

4. In the meantime you will reach infront of “ Meezabe Rahmat “ this is a place where water from the roof of Ka`aba falls in Hateem through a pipe. You make a dua here :

O`Allah ! I seek nearness to your apostle in his Paradise ( Jannatul Khuld). O` Allah ,I also seek your shadow in the day of judgement. That day ,none will be there except You . Please offer me drink from kausar so thereafter I will not feel thirst.

Transaltion in Urdu :

'' Yaa Allah ! Main Jannatul Khuld me tere Nabi Mohammad (saws) kaa saath Maangta hoon aur Yaa Allah Hashr ke maidan mein tera saaya maangta hoon, us din teri zaat ke siwa koi na hoga us din tera saaya naseeb farmaa.Aur us din apne nabi Mohammad (saws) ke houze kausar se aisa pani pila keh us ke baad pyaas na lage.”

5. When you reach the next corner of the Ka`aba which is known as “Rukne Shaami “

then make the following dua “

O ` Allah ! My Umrah should be great, please accept my labour, forgive my sins. Yaa` Aziz, Yaa` Ghafoor “

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah Mera Hajj Ooncha ho ,Meri Mehnat qubool ho ,mere gunah Maafh ho. "Yaa Aziz , Yaa Ghafoor "

6 . You will be reaching at the third corner Which is known as “ Rukne Yamani ” here you can make the following dua “

O ` Allah Please forgive me and also relax me, in this world and also in the life Hereafter

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah ! Main Duniya aur akherat mein tujh se Ma`afi aur sukoon maangta hoon

7 . From here you move towards hajre Aswad and while walking you recite

o رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Transliteration :

Rabbana Aatena fid duniya hasanatau wa fil aakharate hasanatau wa qena azaaban naar “

Translation :

"Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!"

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Parwardigaar, hum ko duniya mein bhi bhalai de aur Aakherat mein bhi bhalai ata farma aur hum ko dozakh ke azaab se bacha.

8.. You will reach back at Hajre Aswad means one round is completed . This is known as “ Shooth ” When you complete seven shooths then one tawaaf is finished.

9 . Please remember that Taawaf can be performed without reciting anything .

VIII.  Reciting two rakats of Wajib salat :

1. After completion of the tawaaf you recite two rakats of wajib salat possibly at the place of Ibrahim otherwise recite it wherever you get place in Mataaf (Space around Ka`aba). After reciting these two rakats you seek Allah's blessings, make dua for best reward in the life Hereafter, request Allah for forgiveness and for life long and real faith,and finally for welfare of your children and other relatives and friends.

IX.  After dua, if possible you can go to Multazim (this part of Ka`aba is between Hajre Aswad and the door of Ka`aba) and make dua. If it is not possible to go near the Multazim then you may keep yourselves in line with Multazim in mataaf and make dua from there itself. While making dua, you request for Jannatul Firdous, Mercy from Allah, relief from blazing fire of Hell, forgiveness from all the sins, Welfare for your children, relatives, friends etc.

X . Zamzam Sharif

After Multazim you come near the taps of Zamzam, recite Bismillah then face ka`aba and drink zamzam in three instalments. Then make following dua :

Yaa Allah ! Help to increase my knowledge, give sustenance and give me relief from all diseases. “

Translation in Urdu :

Yaa Allah ! Mere ilm mein nafa ata kar, aur khoob rizq ata kar aur har bimari se shifa de “

XI . Sa`i

Safa and Marwa are two hills near the Masjide Haram. The literal meaning of Sa'i is to run. To make seven rounds between Safa and Marwah, is called Sa'i. This action is observed as a memorial of Hazrat Hajra, the wife of Hazrat Ibrahim and mother of Hazrat Ismail. The Sa'i is 'Wajib' both in 'Hajj' and Umrah. You must keep in mind that one round is complete when you run from Safa to Marwa , and second round is finished when you run from Marwa to Safa.

How to Perform Sa`i

It is to be performed after Tawaaf ,if it is performed before Tawaaf it will not be valid. It is not necessary to perform a Sa'i immediately after Tawaaf, though it is a Sunnat to do so, but there is no harm if there is a pause in between on account of any human necessity. Although Sa'i is 'Wajib' to be performed on foot but in case of some excuse the person is allowed on wheel chair. If someone performs Sa'i on a wheel chair without any valid reason ,he will be liable to give Dum .i.e. offering a sacrifice.

1. After Tawaaf ,when you drink Zamzam Water you are ready to go for Sa'i. You have to go again to Hajr-e-Aswad ,if possible kiss it . In case it is not possible then face both your hands towards hajre Aswad ,kiss them and proclaim.

Yaa Allah ! I am making this sai to please you, therefore You make this easy for me and approve my action.

2. Lift both your hands as you do in dua and recite :

لا الهَ اِلَّا اللّهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيْكَ لَهْ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْى وَ

يُمِيْتُ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلى كُلِّ شَئ ٍ قَدِيْرٌ

Transliteration :

La ilaha illal-laho wahdahu la šharika lahu lahul-mulko wa lahul-hamdo yohi wa yumito be yadehil-khayr wa howa ala kulle šhayin qadeer. “

Translation :

There is no God but Allah. He is only One. He has no partners. For Him (is) the Kingdom. And for Him (is) the Praise. He gives life and acuses death. In His hand (is) the goodness. And He has power over everything..

Translation in Urdu :

Nahi hai koi Ma`bood siwae Allah ke Uska koi sharik nahi Usi ke liye mulk hai usi ke liye ta`reef hai aur wo har cheez par qaadir hai.

While doing sai, which ever dua you have in memory you can make and along with it remember Allah also. When you reach the green pillars, you are to start running and keep running upto the other green pillars. (for men only) Then again you have to walk with normal speed . When seven rounds are completed then to offer two Rak'ats of salat by the side of 'Mataaf' (where Tawaaf is performed in the Haram). 

Now all the restrictions pertaining to Ehraam of Umrah have come to end .

After being free from Sa'i you may shave your head or at least have hair cut equal to a finger's joint (about an inch) in length. For women the hair cut is equal to one fold of hair over the finger. You have now completed Umrah therefore the Ehraam formality has ended.

In this way the Minor Pilgrimage ( Umrah ) Is performed

 

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