( Do not join prayer in drunken state )
Surat No. 4, An Nisa, Ayat No. 43
o يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَى
O believers ! Do not approach prayer (Namaz) when you are drunken, till you know what you say.
(Do not join prayer when polluted)
Surat No. 4, An Nisa, Ayat No. 43
o حَتَّىَ تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلاَ جُنُبًا إِلاَّ عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىَ تَغْتَسِلُو
( Must pray at fixed time )
Surah No. 4, An Nisa, Ayat No. 103
o إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا
Worship at fixed times has been enjoined on the believers
To recite Salat (Namaz) in congregation
Surah No. 2, Al Baqr, Ayat No. 43
o وَأَقِيمُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتُواْ الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُواْ مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ
Establish salat and pay zakaat and bow down along with those who bow-down.
Jama'a (or GROUP -not Friday-) prayer: Mandatory?
Asalamu Alakum A hadis was told to me about the Prophet (saws) saying that when the call for azan is made,he (saws) would order someone to lead the prayer and leave from the back. Then he would gather fire wood and burn the houses of those who didn't come to the prayer, I believe that this was the Isha prayer. The person who told this hadis to me had it interpetated as group salat is mandatory. Is this correct? If it is do you commit a sin for making your prayer alone?
Dear Br. A. As-Salaamu Alaykum. Regarding your question, the Islamic Scholars have different opinions about the Jamat prayer.
Some of them say : It is mandatory to every man, and any man who does not perform it in Group actually committs and sin.
Another part of Muslim Scholars say that it s a Fard Kifaya, which means that if some people perform it collectively, then the other ones don't have to do it.
And a third group said that GROUP prayer is only a Sunnat.
Each group has its legitimate proofs which we will expose to you.
The first opinion (Mandatory) is for the Hanbali school who bases its opinion on the verse of the Qur'an in An-Nisaa, verse 102. (please refer to it in the Qur'an, it is a long verse to type). The Hanbali school says that if this verse obligates Group prayers which are prescribed even in the case of fear during war, then,it should be mandatory when the fear factor is not existing. Also al-Baqarah, verse 43, Allah says :...'and bow down yourselves along with those who are bowing down', and in Al-Imran, verse 43. In this context, bowing down is an order which shows that group prayer is obligatory. The Hanbali also base their opinions on the hadis of prophet Mohammad (pbuh) burning the houses of those who don't attend the group prayers.
The second opinion, which says that if a group of people do it, then the rest of people don't have to, is the opinion of the Shafi'i school, that says that GROUP prayer is one of the symbols of Islam.
The third opinion which says that it is a Sunnat, The Hanafi and Maliki schools prescribe to it. They base their opinion on the fact that Prophet Mohammad (saws) encouraged the group prayer and said that its reward is higher than the person who prays alone, but didn't impose it. This is based on the occasion that when two Muslims told him that they prayed in Rihalina (in their homes), he didn't blame them, otherwise, he would have done it if it was mandatory.
1 -The conclusion about this is that Group prayer is one of the symbols of Islam.
2-A person who is able to do it should perform it collectively unless he has a legitimate reason.
3- If he prays on his own, he is not committing a sin, but he would be neglecting a Sunnat of Prophet Mohammad (saws) that is very authentic.
Thank you for asking and God knows best.
Q 5. Can a husband and wife pray together as a Jama’ah? How to perform such prayer? Please explain.
Answer : Jama'at prayer can be performed by two or more people. The minimum requirement of Jama’ah is two people, an Imam and another person, whether a man, woman or child. It is very good that the whole family pray together, especially where the mosques are few and are situated at a large distance ,most people do not get chance to pray in Jama’at every day. Husband and wife can also make a Jama’at prayer. It is reported by Imam Abu Da’ud that the Prophet -peace be upon him- said, “Whoever wakes up during the night and also awakens his wife and then both of them pray together two rak’at prayer, their names will be written among ‘those men and women who remembered Allah most’ .”
If there are two males praying together in Jama’at then one of them will be Imam and the other person should stand one step behind at the right side of the Imam, but if the husband and wife are praying together then the wife should stand behind the husband. In case a male and a female - who are not married to each other or who are not mahram are not allowed to pray together in Jama’at.