Contents‎ > ‎3. Prophet's Biography‎ > ‎

First Revelation

Mohammad (saws) had developed a habit of visiting Mount Hira for meditation. When he was forty, he received the first revelation from Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) on Mount Hira where he was a regular visitor. On this first appearance, Jibreel (Gabriel) said to Mohammad: "Iqraa," meaning Read or Recite. Mohammad replied, "I cannot read," as he had not received any formal education and did not know how to read or write. The Angel Jibreel then embraced him and after releasing said: "Iqraa." Mohammad’s answer was the same as before. Jibreel repeated the embrace for the third time, asked him to repeat after him and said:

Surah No. 96 ,Al Alaq , Ayats No.1 to 5

oخَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ o اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

oعَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ o الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ o اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

Translation :

Read in the name of the your Lord , Who has created- Created man, out of a cell of congealed blood: And read , The Lord is Most Bountiful,-Who taught (the use of) the pen,-Taught man what he did not know .”

These are the first five Ayats (verses) revealed in the year 610 AD when the revelation began.

The first experience of the revelation had terrified Mohammad (saws). He left mount Hira and went back home. Tired and frightened, he asked his wife: ‘cover me, cover me,’ in a blanket. After he was settled, his wife Khadijah asked him about the reason of his great anxiety and fear. When he informed her about his experience of the revelation, she consoled him with great confidence. Khadijah then consulted her cousin Waraqa who was an old Jew, possessing knowledge of previous revelations and scriptures. Waraqa confirmed to her that the visitor was none other than the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) who had also come to Musa (Moses). He then confirmed that Mohammad is the expected Prophet. She then accepted Islam and supported her husband through every hardship, most notably during the three-year ‘boycott’ of Prophet by the pagan Quraish. She died at the age of sixty-five in the month of Ramadan soon after lifting of the boycott in 620 AD.