Life before Prophet-hood
Prophet Mohammad (saws) was born on 12th of Rabiul Awwal ( 22nd April 571 AD) in Makkah (Mecca). His full name is Abul Qasim Mohammad bin Abdullah and he was also referred as “AL-AMIN THE TRUSTWORTHY”
When he was born, Arabia was enveloped in all kinds of bad deeds. The Arabs at that time were worshiping idols, trees, stones, moon, sun, rivers and mountains. They were leading an uncivilized life having no culture and system. The women had no position in their society and young girls used to be buried alive by their fathers. Murders, dacoities and kidnappings were all legalised in their system.
His father, Abdullah, died several weeks before his birth in Madinah where he went to visit his father's maternal relatives. When he was six years old, his mother, Amenah (daughter of Wahab Ibn Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family) also passed away, when she was on her return journey from Madinah at Abwa.
The paternal grand father of Mohammad (saws) was Abd Al Muttalib who was the son of Hashim Abd Manaf, founder of "Bani Hashim". When Mohammad (saws) was born, Abd al Muttalib was already an influential leader of the Arab tribe ‘Quraish’ in Makkah and was also caretaker of the Holy Kabah. Mohammad (saws) was raised by his grand father until the age of eight. When Abd Al Muttalib died he was taken care of by his paternal uncle Abu Talib.
Mohammad's (saws) other paternal uncles were Al Zubair, Haris, Abbas and Hamza [Razi Allaho tala Anhora (ra)] and Abu Lahab . However Abu Lahab had created a lot of trouble for Mohammad (saws) and therefore was cursed by Allah.
Mohammad's (saws) paternal aunts were Arwah and Safiyah (ra).
Makkah was a city well connected with Syria, therefore lot of trading was done between them. Mohammad (saws) joined his uncle's (Abu Talib) trading business at the age of twelve where he used to travel with him to Syria. Since he was honest, reliable and trustworthy, a rich merchant's widow named Khadijah asked Mohammad (saws) to take some merchandise for trade to Syria, which he did successfully.
When he was twenty-five and Khadijah was forty, they got married. They had six children - four daughters and two sons. The first son Qasim died at the age of two and the second son Abdullah died in infancy. Abdullah was also called ‘Tahir’ affectionately as he was born after Mohammad’s prophet hood. The four daughters were: Zainab, Ruqayyah, Umme Kulsoom, and Fatimah (ra).
It was very unfortunate that the Holy Ka`bah was filled with three hundred sixty idols. The people of Makkah had forgotten the original message of Prophet Ibrahim which was mixed with superstitions and self created traditions. Mohammad (saws) never accepted such ideology and always kept himself away from such practices.