This is the second of the five fundamental principles of Islam. It should be noted that in the journey during Meraj the daily 5 times daily Salat was made mandatory on all the Muslims. This was a year before the migration to Medina.
Praying five times a day in a prescribed manner called the "Salat" (Namaz). This is an extremely important tenet of Islam and has been enjoined with great emphasis both in the Holy Quran and the sayings of Prophet Mohammad (saws). It is the greatest source for purification of the soul. If a man is not reciting salat must be considered as soulless man. The way the salat is offered and the words which are recited explains the true nature of religion.
Prayer in Islam shows real teachings of Islam. The very first thing which comes into prominence in Salat is that it is accompanied by bodily movements. In Islam the prayer gives strength not only to the soul but also it illuminates the body of a person. In other words it aims at purifying both body and soul. It is therefore clear that Islam does not regard body and soul as two different entities. Salat also allows a person to directly communicate with his Lord and does not allow anybody to come in between.
Secondly, the Salat impresses upon his mind that he is the humble servant of the Great and Glorious Lord. The very first step towards the achievement of this objective is that man should have a clear conscious while Praying. He should visualise and feel that he is created as a human being by the Creator and Master of the universe, and one should not treat him as demi-god or god. Salat is therefore, the symbol of humble admiration before the Majesty of the Glorious Lord.
Surah No. 20, Taha, Ayat No. 132
وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَى
Enjoin (Direct) your people to recite salat, and you also be constant in its observance. We do not ask you to provide sustenance: We provide it for you. But that is in the Hereafter for the righteous.
Surah No. 2, Al Baqar, Ayat No. 42
o وَأَقِيمُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتُواْ الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُواْ مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ
And be steadfast in prayer; Pay Alms (Zakat) regularly ; and bow down with those who bow down (in worship).
Surah No. 2, Al Baqar, Ayat No. 238
إنْ خِفْتُمْ فَرِجَالاً oحَافِظُواْ عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ والصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى وَقُومُواْ لِلّهِ قَانِتِينَ
oأَوْ رُكْبَانًا فَإِذَا أَمِنتُمْ فَاذْكُرُواْ اللّهَ كَمَا عَلَّمَكُم مَّا لَمْ تَكُونُواْ تَعْلَمُونَ
Guard strictly your prayers, especially the Middle Prayer (Zuhar or Asar); and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind). If you fear (an enemy), pray on foot, or riding, (as may be most convenient), but when you are secured, celebrate Allah’s praises in the manner He has taught you, which you did not know before.
Surah No. 107, Maaoon, Ayats No. 4 to 6
oالَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاؤُونَ oالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ o فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ
Sorry for those performers of salat. Who delay reciting of their salats. Those who want to be seen (by other men).
They are those believers, who recite salat occasionally and sometimes leave it unattended. Either they do not pay proper attention or give due importance to it. Even if they recite, they do so at the dying hours of a particular salat time and then hurriedly finish it.
The Prophet (saws) said, "The hypocrite (Munafiq) keeps sitting at the time of Asar, witnessing setting of the sun and then recite it very late and while reciting does not get time to remember Allah properly".(Sahi Bukhari)
Please remember the following before you go to recite the Namaz
Surah No. 7, Al-Aaraf Ayat No. 31
يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وكُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ وَلاَ تُسْرِفُواْ إِنَّهُ لاَ
o يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ
“ O ‘ children of Adam, dress well every time you pray at place of worship (Masjid). Eat and drink but avoid waste by excess, for Allah does not love the wasters.
Surah No. 29, Surah Ankabut, Ayat No. 45
تْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاء
o وَالْمُنكَرِ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ
Recite what is sent to you of the book and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows what you do.
According to one of the sayings of the Prophet (saws) ,“Salat is the borderline between a Muslim and a non-believer ”.
As a matter of fact, it is a form of worship which establishes the link between man and his Creator (Allah).
Once the Nabi (saws) asked his companions: "Do you believe that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times a day in a river running infront of his door?" "No!" replied the companions, "No dirt can remain on his body." Nabi (saws) remarked: "So exactly similar is the effect of Salaat offered five times a day with the grace of Allah, it washes away all the sins."
Through 'Salat' a person communes with his Lord, the Creator and the Sustainer of the universe. The salat (Namaz) enables one to stand in front of Allah(God), thank and praise Him, and ask for Him to show the "right path”. In addition, the daily ritual prayers serve as a constant reminder to Muslims that they should be grateful for Allah's blessings (Nae'mat). It ensures that every Muslim prioritizes religion over all other things. Namaz also serves as a formal method of remembering Allah.
Just as performing 'Salat' is obligatory, learning to perform it in the prescribed way is also obligatory so that one should know what he is saying to his Lord, and enjoy the full blessings and benefits of praying. In the performance of Salat, all the prayers have to be said on time and in Arabic.
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